Journal of Agriculture & Life Sciences

ISSN 2375-4214 (Print), 2375-4222 (Online)

The Structure of the Olive Plantation Farms in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and the Prospects of Improvement
Assist. Prof. Arzu Secer, Prof. Dr. Faruk Emeksiz

Abstract
With the incentives for olive production in Turkey in 2004, olive plantation area has expanded and the production of oil has increased. In Mediterranean Region, between 2000 and 2016, there was an increase of 170.73% in the area of olive plantations. In the same period, the olive presentation land expanded by 185.94% in Eastern Mediterranean Region. The present study, in this respect, aims to explore the structure of the olive production farms as well as the production techniques utilized, the problems faced during production process, and provide suggestions. In the area where the present study is carried out, the land size is 26.57 da, the number of parcels is 2.38 units, and the size of the parcels is 11.16 da. The most common local olive type in the region is Gemlik, the plantation of which is usually done by the official incentives. The most common problems encountered during olive plantation are maintenance procedures, irrigation, harvesting practices, and fertilization. Problems in the region and province specific obstacles were identified in order to be able to provide solutions, plans, and programs to improve the product quality while encouraging the producers to adapt efficient plantation practices.

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