Journal of Agriculture & Life Sciences

ISSN 2375-4214 (Print), 2375-4222 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/jals

Effect of Bio-Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Buckwheat
Sakhubai H. Tummaramatti, Dr. Laxminarayan Hegde, Chaya. P. Patil

Buckwheat is an important medicinal plant which is used in pharmaceutical industries. A pot experiment was conducted to study the effect of bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) at K.R.C.C.H college of Arabhavi as information available is very meager in this aspect. The design followed was Completely Randomised Design with 11 treatments and 3 replications. There was significant difference among all the treatments. At 45 days after sowing, significantly superior plant height (100.33 cm), number of branches (10.67), number of leaves (71), leaf length (8.57 cm) and leaf breadth (9.01 cm) and herb yield (57.67 q/ha) were observed in the treatment T11 (RDF - 50:40:40 kg NPK/ ha, FYM-20 q/ha) however, T10 - A. chroococcum + A. brasilense + VAM + P. striata+ Trichoderma harzianum have also shown good result, next to RDF. Maximum bacterial population (139 x 106), fungi (111.00 x 103), actinomycetes (81.33 x 104) were obtained in the treatment T10 (A. chroococcum + A. brasilense + VAM + P. striata + Trichoderma harzianum). Higher population of Azotobacter chroococcum (184.33 x 103) was found in the treatment T1 (Azotobacter chroococcum -375 g/ ha, Seed treatment). Higher number of Azospirillum brasilense (214.66 x 103) was observed in T2 (Azospirillum brasilense -375 g/ ha, seed treatment). Maximum population of Pseudomonas striata (204.00 x 103) was obtained in the treatment T5 (Pseudomonas striata-375 g/ ha, seed treatment), Trichoderma harzianum (43.33 x 103) was found in T4 (Trichoderma harzianum-1.5% soil drench). Higher root colonization (95.33%) is observed in T3 (VAM-25kg/ha, soil application). Maximum number of chlamydospores (1308.66) was recorded in T3. As bio-fertilizers are eco-friendly and helps in maintaining the harmony with the nature, at the same time helps to obtain higher yields with higher productivity.

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